Research report and research review may follow the template below:



Concise and informative. Title consists of are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Title consists of a maximum of 12 words.

  1. Abstract
    A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
  1. Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

  1. Introduction

This section introduces a specific problem under study, provides background, and describes the approach and research strategy to solve the problem.

  1. Literature Review

In this section, please include the relevant concepts, theories, and theoretical framework (if any). This often also includes:

  • Explanation of key terms in your study
  • Reporting findings of previous studies
  • Putting your own voices wherever needed
  1. Method

This section describes in details how the study was conducted including how the participants were selected and what methodology was used to analyse the data.

  1. Results and Discussions

In this section, researchers summarise and analyse the collected data based on the approach and method used. The reports are also supported by evaluation and interpretation of the results.

  1. Conclusion

This section concludes the study, summarises the main findings, describe the implications of the results, and make some suggestions and recommendations.

  1. Abbreviations

Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

  1. Acknowledgements

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided technical help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.