The Use of Song to Activate Students' Critical Thinking Skills
Previous research has demonstrated the great success of the use of song in teaching listening skills integrated with critical thinking skills. Myriad research has examined the role and the benefits of songs in ELT with monotonous activities. Therefore the study is conducted to bring new insights into it. Five English teachers with more than seven years of teaching experience and have completed teaching critical thinking trainees were selected as the research participants. Since an observational fieldnote was used to obtain the data this study employed a case study as the design. This study discussed the teaching steps of teaching listening skills which used the song as the main material integrated with critical thinking. Several ways revealed by the teacher to activate students’ critical thinking are providing critical questions related to the content of the song and stimulating students constantly to eager them to answer critically. Several strategies adopted by these teachers include: highlighting several words and asking about the meaning, connecting to students' real-world settings, assigning them to make a judgment, and examining the current situation and conditions, These five teachers applied a higher-order thinking style to their teaching and have effectively activated and guided students to think critically.
Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.3316/QRJ0902027
Cottrell, S. (2017). Critical thinking skills: Effective analysis, argument and reflection.
Davoudi, M., & Sadeghi, N. A. (2015). A Systematic Review of Research on Questioning as a High-level Cognitive Strategy. 8(10), 76–90. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v8n10p76
Din, M. (2020). Evaluating university students’ critical thinking ability as reflected in their critical reading skill: A study at bachelor level in Pakistan. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 35(September 2019), 100627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2020.100627
Eka, R., & Lestari, A. (2013). Song as an Authentic Material to Support Students ’ Critical Thinking in Senior High school Abstrak Abstrac. 9–16.
Elmosnino, S. (2022). A Review of Literature in Critical Listening Education. AES: Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 70(5), 328–339. https://doi.org/10.17743/jaes.2022.0004
Fakhomah, D. N., & Utami, M. S. (2019). Pre-Service English Teacher Perception About Higher Order Thinking Skills (Hots) in the 21St Century Learning. IJIET (International Journal of Indonesian Education and Teaching), 3(1), 41–49. https://doi.org/10.24071/ijiet.v3i1.1676
Febrina, W. (2017). Authentic cs Non-Authentic Materials in Teaching English as Foreign Language (EFL) in Indonesia: Which One Matters More? The Aisan Conferece on Education 2017, 1–12. www.iafor.org
Ginting, P., & Muhammadiyah, U. S. (2021). Enhancing Students ’ Critical Thinking i n Writing Through Group Investigation Strategy Assisted by Digital Story Board Media. 1, 112–125.
Goodwin, K. S., Ostrom, L., & Scott, K. W. (2009). Journal of Adult Education. Journal of Adult Education, 38(1), 22–42.
Guariento, W., & Morley, J. (2001). Text and task authenticity in the EFL classroom. ELT Journal, 55(4), 347–353. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/55.4.347
Hadi, M. S. (2019). The Use of Song in Teaching English for Junior High School Student. English Language in Focus (ELIF), 1(2), 107. https://doi.org/10.24853/elif.1.2.107-112
Hestiningtyas, W., Rizal, Y., & Rahmawati, F. (2021). Problem Based Learning Model Analysis in Improving Student’s Critical Thinking Ability. Economic Education Analysis Journal, 10(3), 543–553. https://doi.org/10.15294/eeaj.v10i3.50682
Jebbour, M. (2019). Exploring the Manifestation of Critical Thinking in the Moroccan Textbooks of English: The Case of “Ticket 2 English.” JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 4(1), 39–45. https://doi.org/10.21070/jees.v4i1.1783
Khairiyah, A. S. (2021). ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS ’ CRITICAL THINKING SKILL THROUGH ONLINE LEARNING ASSISTED BY STUDENT. 4(2), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.25134/ijli.v4i2.5198
Kilickaya, F. (2004). Authentc materals and cultural content in EFL classrooms. The Internet TESL Journal, 10(7). http://www.metu.edu.tr/~klckay%0Ahttps://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED570173
Kohzadi, H., Aziz Mohammadi, F., & Samadi, F. (2014). Is there a Relationship between Critical Thinking and Critical Reading of Literary Texts: A Case Study at Arak University (Iran). International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 33, 63–76. https://doi.org/10.18052/www.scipress.com/ilshs.33.63
Noorhapizah, Agusta, A. R., & Pratiwi, D. A. (2020). Learning Material Development Containing Critical Thinking and Creative Thinking Skills Based on Local Wisdom. 501(Icet), 43–57. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201204.007
Oura, G. K. (2001). Authentic Task Based Materials : Bringing the Real World Into the Classroom. Sophia Junior College Faculty Bulletin, 21, 65–84. http://www.jrc.sophia.ac.jp/kiyou/ki21/gaio.pdf
Pardo, A. N., Fernanda, M., & Téllez, T. (2009). ELT Materials: The Key to Fostering Effective Teaching and Learning Settings. Profile: Issues in Teachers´ Professional Development, 11(2), 171–186.
Patahuddin, P., Syawal, S., & Amri, A. (2021). Students’ critical thinking ability in analyzing descriptive paragraph. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia), 7(3), 462. https://doi.org/10.29210/020211213
Pithers, R. T., & Soden, R. (2000). Critical thinking in education: A review. Educational Research, 42(3), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/001318800440579
Purcell-Gates, V., Degener, S. C., Jacobson, E., & Soler, M. (2002). Impact of Authentic Adult Literacy Instruction on Adult Literacy Practices. Reading Research Quarterly, 37(1), 70–92. https://doi.org/10.1598/RRQ.37.1.3
Song, W. (2019). A Study on the Influence of Teachers ’ Questioning in High School English Reading Class on Students ’ Critical Thinking. 9(4), 424–428.
Suharno, & Setyarini, S. (2021). Promoting EFL junior secondary students’ critical thinking skills through analogical reasoning in narrative text. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 11(1), 211–220. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v11i1.34660
Yin, R. K. (2018). Case study research and applications: Design and methods. In Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research (Vol. 53, Issue 5). https://doi.org/10.1177/109634809702100108
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License